A diet against gastritis requires a gentle diet to reduce inflammation in the gastric mucosa. Different types of diets are prescribed depending on the acidity of gastric juice and the stage of the disease.
There are general principles of a gastritis diet:
- Fractional Nutrition - You need to eat in small portions 5-6 times a day.
- The food temperature is moderate - food that is too hot or too cold is not permitted.
- Fatty foods are taboo for all types of diets for gastritis of various causes;
- Hot spices and alcoholic drinks are strictly prohibited.
- Quit smoking.
Diet for chronic gastritis with high acidity
A diet for chronic gastritis with increased secretion is initially prescribed to normalize the acidity of gastric juice and reduce the clinical manifestations of the disease - aching abdominal pain, heartburn, headache.
The diet is dominated by dishes made from boiled vegetables, milk and dairy products, cooked or steamed dishes made from meat and fish. Kisses (milk or fruit), porridge and rice porridge, whole milk and grated soups have excellent wrapping properties.
The diet for high acid gastritis requires giving up the following foods:
- rye bread, muffins and fresh baked goods;
- sorrel, rhubarb, radishes, radishes, cabbage, cucumber, green unripe fruits;
- canned food of all kinds;
- Fermented milk products;
- legumes, pearl barley, barley and millet groats;
- Fat, stringy meat.
Sample diet menu for chronic gastritis with high acid production
- Breakfast: Salad made from boiled vegetables with butter, boiled fish, mashed potatoes, tea, oil;
- Second breakfast: cottage cheese pudding with apples, carrot juice;
- Lunch: vegetable puree soup, meat soufflé with noodles, compote;
- afternoon snack: milk, biscuits;
- Dinner: lazy dumplings, tea;
- At night: milk (every day).
- Breakfast: boiled carrots, mashed through a sieve with vegetable oil, sausages in natural casings, tea, oil;
- Second breakfast: homemade cottage cheese, rose hip broth;
- Lunch: soup with oatmeal, boiled chicken fillet, buckwheat porridge, pear compote;
- afternoon snack: plum jelly;
- Dinner: protein omelette, rice milk porridge, tea.
- Breakfast: boiled beets, seasoned with vegetable oil, steamed meatballs with rice, butter, tea;
- Second breakfast: baked apple with raisins and cottage cheese;
- Lunch: cabbage soup, boiled meat, rubbed through a sieve, oatmeal, compote;
- afternoon snack: milk, croutons;
- Dinner: semolina, tea.
These gastritis diet menu options are prescribed during clinical remission. A diet with exacerbation of gastritis with high acidity differs in that all dishes are consumed in pure form. Only small pieces of cooked meat or fish are allowed twice a week.
Diet for atrophic gastritis
The main task of the diet for gastritis with reduced secretion is to promote the secretion of gastric juice for complete absorption of food. Dishes should be steamed or boiled, less often steamed.
A low acid gastritis diet prohibits the use of foods that cause increased fermentation in the stomach:
- whole milk;
- yeast and baked goods;
- canned food;
- legumes, cabbage, grapes, radishes, cucumbers, onions and garlic;
- Lard and smoked products.
Diet menu for the exacerbation of gastritis with low acidity
With chronic gastritis with decreased secretion during an acute exacerbation, you should eat puree in small portions. The diet for atrophic gastritis includes mucous soups made from cereals, butter, grated cottage cheese, boiled meat, low-fat fish, vegetable and fruit puree, viscous cereals with milk, soft-boiled eggs, white bread, crackers and rose hip infusion.
An acute gastritis diet with reduced secretion is used for 3-4 weeks and then replaced with a wider food ration. The diet for gastritis in remission consists of various cereal, meat and fish steamed dishes, cereal soups in meat broth. Chunks of fish, meatballs and schnitzel fried without breading are allowed.
If you are on a diet for atrophic gastritis, you should eat fermented milk products (especially kefir), cheese, various cottage cheese dishes (pudding, soufflés, casseroles), jelly made from berries and fruits, as well as mousses.
An example of a diet menu for gastritis with low secretion for one day:
- Breakfast: steamed beef balls, tea;
- Lunch: pearl barley soup in meat broth, fried schnitzel without breading, mashed potatoes, apple jelly;
- afternoon snack: tea, crackers;
- Dinner: cottage cheese casserole, pureed milk and oatmeal porridge, tea;
- For the night: kefir or fruit and berry jelly.
A diet with exacerbation of gastritis is supplemented with the appointment of fruit and vegetable juices, as well as vitamin complexes.
Diet for erosive gastritis
In the diet for erosive gastritis, soups with a slimy consistency come first. They have excellent enveloping properties that are in dire need of eroded stomach walls. In the diet menu for erosive gastritis there must be porridge from rice, buckwheat, oatmeal in milk or cream (preferably) with the addition of butter. Steamed meat dishes (schnitzel, meatballs), soft-boiled eggs, homemade sour cottage cheese, jelly and compotes are mandatory in the diet.
With acute gastritis with erosions, it is necessary in the diet menu to introduce liquid mashed potatoes, as well as juice from raw potatoes (once a day). This vegetable has excellent wound healing properties and also perfectly relieves pain.
The list of prohibited foods on the diet for gastritis with erosion includes: canned, fatty and fried foods, leavened pastries, fresh fruit with a sour taste, and juices made from them. In the diet for acute gastritis of the erosive type there should be no tea (black and green), coffee, juices from any fruits.